Podcast # 356: Babies can’t be born addicted
Release Date: 07/23/2018
Author: Don Stader, MD.
- A baby can be born dependent on opioids but not addicted to them.
- Opioid addiction (Opioid Use Disorder) is a disease of mature brains and is characterized by compulsive drug use despite adverse consequences.
- Opioid addiction is a disease that affects the reward center of the brain
- Pregnant patients struggling with addiction do better when started on buprenorphine or methadone. This treatment will cause opioid withdrawal syndrome in newborns, but not the long term morbidity and mortality of illicit opioids.
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Volkow ND, Koob GF, McLellan AT ( 2016). "Neurobiologic Advances from the Brain Disease Model of Addiction." New England Journal of Medicine. 374 (4): 363–371.