Podcast # 372: The Latest on Epinephrine in Cardiac Arrest
Release Date: 08/30/2018
Author: Don Stader, MD
- 8014 patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest randomized to epinephrine vs placebo
- 30-day survival was not dramatically better between groups (3.2%in the epinephrine group and 2.4% in the placebo group)
- Functional neurological outcome was nearly identical at 2.2% and 1.9% of patients
- Adds to literature that epinephrine provides little important benefit in cardiac arrest - focus on chest compressions and early defibrillation
Editor’s note: NNT for epinephrine to prevent one death in this study was 115 - compared to bystander CPR (NNT 15) and defibrillation (NNT 5) from prior studies.
Perkins GD et. al. . A Randomized Trial of Epinephrine in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest. N Engl J Med. 2018 Aug 23;379(8):711-721. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1806842. Epub 2018 Jul 18.
Kitamura T, Kiyohara K, Sakai T, et al. Public-access defibrillation and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Japan. N Engl J Med 2016;375:1649-1659.
Hasselqvist-Ax I, Riva G, Herlitz J, et al. Early cardiopulmonary resuscitation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. N Engl J Med 2015;372:2307-2315.
Hagihara A, Hasegawa M, Abe T, Nagata T, Wakata Y, Miyazaki S. Prehospital epinephrine use and survival among patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. JAMA. 2012 Mar 21;307(11):1161-8. doi: 10.1001/jama.2012.294. PubMed PMID: 22436956.
Sanghavi P, Jena AB, Newhouse JP, Zaslavsky AM. Outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest treated by basic vs advanced life support. JAMA Intern Med. 2015 Feb;175(2):196-204. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.5420.