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Emergency Medical Minute

Podcast #388: Antibiotics for Appendicitis

Emergency Medical Minute
Released on Oct 5, 2018

Author:  Aaron Lessen, MD

Educational Pearls:

 

  • 5-year follow up study on antibiotic treatment for uncomplicated appendicitis showed 39.1% recurrence rate requiring appendectomy by 5 years
  • Nearly 60% chance then of preventing an appendectomy by using antibiotics only for uncomplicated appendicitis

 

Editor’s note: not surprisingly, complications were much higher in the group receiving surgery, which reiterates why an antibiotic-only approach is attractive for the right patient population

References:

Salminen P, Tuominen R, Paajanen H, Rautio T, Nordström P, Aarnio M, Rantanen T, Hurme S, Mecklin JP, Sand J, Virtanen J, Jartti A, Grönroos JM. Five-Year Follow-up of Antibiotic Therapy for Uncomplicated Acute Appendicitis in the APPAC Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2018 Sep 25;320(12):1259-1265. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.13201. PubMed PMID: 30264120.

Summary by Travis Barlock, MS4    |   Edited by Erik Verzemnieks, MD

 

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