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Podcast 505: Sleep on Strep Throat 

Emergency Medical Minute

Release Date: 10/01/2019

Husband & Wife, Both ER Clinicians, Share Their Experience Having COVID-19 show art Husband & Wife, Both ER Clinicians, Share Their Experience Having COVID-19

Emergency Medical Minute

Long time friends of EMM, Aaron and Bree, share their experiences on the frontlines in the ED, coping with COVID, managing anxiety and quarantining with their family.

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COVID-19 Digest: Do NSAIDs Make COVID-19 More Severe? (Recorded 3/30/20, 18:00 MST) show art COVID-19 Digest: Do NSAIDs Make COVID-19 More Severe? (Recorded 3/30/20, 18:00 MST)

Emergency Medical Minute

In the past two weeks, warnings, questions, and misinformation concerning COVID-19 and NSAID use have been spreading...no pun intended..virally. The pace of this evolving pandemic and the equally quick pace of the news and social media news cycle have meant that information and misinformation travel equally fast. Today we bring to you the story of how a letter in The Lancet led to a world of confusion. Host: Elizabeth Esty, MD Research By: Elizabeth Esty & Nathan Novotny Sound Editing By: Stephen Bahmani Time Stamps: 0:00 - COVID-19 Statistics 2:55 - The Lancet Letter: What Started the...

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Podcast 552: PE Management and Risk Stratification show art Podcast 552: PE Management and Risk Stratification

Emergency Medical Minute

Contributor: Dylan Luyten, MD Educational Pearls: After you diagnose a pulmonary embolism (PE) via CT or VQ scan, we need to categorize the PE as massive, sub-massive, or just PE to dictate treatment.   Massive PE: shock with hypotension due to an embolism, and the treatment of choice is thrombolysis with IV tPA with anticoagulation after lysis. Catheter thrombolysis is not used in the hemodynamically unstable patient but can be done after they are stable. Sub-massive: signs of right heart strain/failure but hemodynamically stable. This can be EKG changes, positive biomarkers, or...

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COVID-19 Digest: If You’ve Had COVID-19, Can You Get it Again? / Convalescent Serum (Recorded 3/26/20, 18:00 MST) show art COVID-19 Digest: If You’ve Had COVID-19, Can You Get it Again? / Convalescent Serum (Recorded 3/26/20, 18:00 MST)

Emergency Medical Minute

Host: Elizabeth Esty, MD Research By: Elizabeth Esty and Nathan Novotny References: Osumi M. Questions raised over COVID-19 reinfection after Japanese woman develops illness again. The Japan Times. https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2020/02/28/national/coronavirus-reinfection/#.Xn4coZNKhQI. Published February 28, 2020. Bao L, Deng W, Gao H, et al. Reinfection could not occur in SARS-CoV-2 infected rhesus macaques. bioRxiv. March 2020:2020.03.13.990226. doi:10.1101/2020.03.13.990226 Steinbuch Y. Doctor asks recovered coronavirus patients to be tested for antibodies. New York Post....

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ER Doc Infected with COVID-19 Shares Experience show art ER Doc Infected with COVID-19 Shares Experience

Emergency Medical Minute

Recorded 3/26/20

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COVID-19: Hydroxychloroquine & Azithromycin / Anosmia / The Aerosolized vs. Droplet Debate (Recorded 3/24/20, 18:00 MST) show art COVID-19: Hydroxychloroquine & Azithromycin / Anosmia / The Aerosolized vs. Droplet Debate (Recorded 3/24/20, 18:00 MST)

Emergency Medical Minute

The circumstances surrounding the COVID-19 virus are quickly evolving and that means that EMM will have to as well. For the foreseeable future, EMM will be releasing COVID-19 updates. In this series, we will report the most recent statistics, summarize the newest literature and answer YOUR burning questions. Submit your questions through comments on this post or through private messages on any of our social media platforms. Host: Elizabeth Esty, MD Research By: Elizabeth Esty, Jackson Roos, Nathan Novotny & Mason Tuttle Time Stamps: 0:00 - COVID-19 by the numbers 2:50 - Hydroxychloroquine...

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Podcast 551:  PPIs are Not Benign show art Podcast 551:  PPIs are Not Benign

Emergency Medical Minute

  Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: PPIs (Proton pump inhibitors) reduce stomach acid levels and are commonly prescribed in patients with GERD or peptic ulcer disease Stopping a PPI after sustained use for a month or longer can lead to withdrawal - causing a rebound indigestion or reflux due to a surge in acid production Long term PPI use has noteworthy side effects including increased incidence of bacterial GI infections and pneumonia Be cautious in prescribing a PPI for over 2 weeks. If continued indigestion control is needed, transition to a H2 blocker or OTC antacids if...

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On the Streets #3: COVID-19 show art On the Streets #3: COVID-19

Emergency Medical Minute

In this special edition of our On the Streets podcast, we discuss COVID-19 as well as what first responders and emergency providers need to know to keep themselves and their patients safe during this pandemic.

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Podcast 550: Good ol’ Versed show art Podcast 550: Good ol’ Versed

Emergency Medical Minute

Contributor: Sam Killian, MD Educational Pearls: Agitation can be due to a number of causes, but regardless of the cause, sedation often plays a key role in patient and provider safety. But what is the best sedative agent? A study looked at control of agitation with intramuscular medication. Specifically, 5 different IM sedative agents were compared to see which one best provides “adequate” sedation in 15 minutes or less. Haldol 5mg, Haldol 10mg, Versed 5mg, Zyprexa 10mg, and Geodon 20mg were all compared, and by far Versed provided the best sedative results. All medications had...

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Podcast 549:  Just Use Epineprhine show art Podcast 549:  Just Use Epineprhine

Emergency Medical Minute

Contributor: Sam Killian, MD Educational Pearls: Classic dogma teaching that epinephrine should not be used in the fingers, nose, penis, and toes when performing local anesthesia due to concerns for ischemia is wrong This has been well documented in multiple literature reviews A prospective, randomized double-blind study compared lidocaine vs lidocaine with epinephrine for finger injuries and the use of epinephrine was associated with less bleeding and better anesthesia Editor’s note: in the lidocaine without epinephrine group, 5 (not 7) needed additional dosing of local anesthesia. The...

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Contributor: Don Stader, MD

Educational Pearls:

  • Only 10% of patients receiving antibiotics for strep throat actually have the diesease
  • Treatment of strep with antibiotics only slightly reduces the duration of illness. Most studies say the reduction is between 16 and 24 hours
  • Antibiotic treatment may reduce complications such as peritonsilar abscess and otitis media but antibiotics also increase the risk of diarrhea and yeast infection
  • Rheumatic fever is caused by a specific serotype of strep that is no longer prevalent in the United States, so treating strep throat likely has no effect on preventing this complication 

References

Anand Swaminathan, "Do Patients with Strep Throat Need to Be Treated with Antibiotics?", REBEL EM blog, January 5, 2015. Available at: https://rebelem.com/patients-strep-throat-need-treated-antibiotics/. 

Summarized by Will Dewispelaere, MS4 | Edited by Erik Verzemnieks, MD