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Epsiode 158 - Measuring a Driver's Skill Level

Executive Protection and Secure Transportation Podcast

Release Date: 11/24/2020

Episode 170 - The 2020 ISDA Training Survey Results, Part 2 show art Episode 170 - The 2020 ISDA Training Survey Results, Part 2

Executive Protection and Secure Transportation Podcast

In this episode, we are continuing with the results from the 2020 ISDA Training Survey. Just a quick recap from the previous episode. The purpose of the Survey was to supply those looking to enter the profession and those who want to expand their education with data that assist with the decision-making process. Also, to help those who provide training to determine the best methods of reaching their potential audience. The Survey was separated into five sections – GI Bill – Training Course Metrics – Financial - Motivation – Jobs after Training. The first Podcast covered the first three...

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Episode 169 - The 2020 ISDA Training Survey Results show art Episode 169 - The 2020 ISDA Training Survey Results

Executive Protection and Secure Transportation Podcast

Last year ISDA conducted an Executive Protection Security Driver Training Survey. The 2020 ISDA Training Survey Results Our goals were to determine the dollar value of the Executive Protection and Security Driving training market. To acquire metrics concerning what motivates potential students to attend one program over another- such as - How did they fund their training? - How many training programs have they attended during their career? - What was their motivation to participate in the training programs? We also wanted to determine what training subjects were covered and the average length...

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Episode 168 - The Science of Backing Up show art Episode 168 - The Science of Backing Up

Executive Protection and Secure Transportation Podcast

Driving in reverse is a valuable driving skill to have.   Backing up slowly can be a problem but backing up fast is hard and dangerous if not done correctly. With that said, it is by far one of the most valuable driving skills to have, and a Security Driver can acquire. Along with being hard to do, it is hard to teach and, if not taught correctly – dangerous. What makes it hard and hazardous is the definition of fast. How fast you can drive in reverse is limited to the vehicle's gearing; in most vehicles, you can drive as fast in reverse, or a little quicker, as you can in 1st gear....

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Episode 167 - The Security Drivers Triangle show art Episode 167 - The Security Drivers Triangle

Executive Protection and Secure Transportation Podcast

The Essence of Security Driving is Found in the Security Drivers Triangle. The driver's ability to avoid vehicle violence does not depend solely on their ability to control the vehicle. A driver is at the mercy of the environment and of the vehicle, they are driving. Driving, any form of driving, is a balance, and that balance is called the "driving system." The driving system is made up of three components: THE DRIVER, THE MACHINE, and THE ENVIRONMENT. In our world, it is called the Security Drivers Triangle. If a triangle's failure causes an accident or a successful ambush, the driver, the...

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Episode 166 - The Difference Between Handling and Cornering show art Episode 166 - The Difference Between Handling and Cornering

Executive Protection and Secure Transportation Podcast

There are two words that are often used in the automotive industry and protective driver training vernacular the words are handling and cornering. To get a better understanding of how the driver interacts with the vehicle requires understanding the difference between Handling and Cornering. While conducting a driver training program understanding this interaction is a must – when running a secure transportation operation, knowledge of this interaction adds to the principal’s safety and security.

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Episode 165 - Safety, Security, and the Science of G's show art Episode 165 - Safety, Security, and the Science of G's

Executive Protection and Secure Transportation Podcast

Ensuring the passengers’ safety and security requires the driver to have the knowledge, skill, and experience to control the vehicle when confronted with an emergency. The emergency does not necessarily need to be a security scenario; it can often be an accident-producing situation.  As we have mentioned many times in the past, research and science define driving skill as the driver’s “ability” to use the vehicle’s “capability.” Former  or Scotti School students know that we were and are anal about training our students to maximize the vehicle’s capability. The...

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Episode 164 - Vehicle Dynamics and Passing show art Episode 164 - Vehicle Dynamics and Passing

Executive Protection and Secure Transportation Podcast

The topic for this week’s episode is Vehicle Dynamics and Passing. Passing the vehicle in front of you is one driving skill we often do but don’t give it much thought. Once you decide to pass a vehicle in an urban environment, realize, and remember that you and your car will be spending a good deal of time in the wrong lane. To give you an idea of how much time and distance, consider this scenario. If you are traveling at 50 mph or 80KPH and passing the average sedan or SUV going 40 mph or 64 KPH, you will need about 10 seconds and 736 feet or 225 Meters to complete the pass...

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Episode 163 - A Dramatic Increase in Carjackings show art Episode 163 - A Dramatic Increase in Carjackings

Executive Protection and Secure Transportation Podcast

Hello, and welcome to episode 163 of the EPST podcast. I'm your host, Larry Snow. The topic for this week’s episode is the huge increase in carjackings. Statistically, driving the principal from point A to point B has been the highest risk the principal faces during their daily routine. A not so new risk needs to be added to that trip, and that is the dramatic increase, in fact, a staggering increase in carjackings in parts of the United States during the pandemic. If you are not familiar with the term, a carjacking is a violent, potentially fatal version of auto theft. Do a Google search...

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Episode 162 - Reflecting on the Effects of COVID-19 on the Profession show art Episode 162 - Reflecting on the Effects of COVID-19 on the Profession

Executive Protection and Secure Transportation Podcast

As 2020 comes to a welcome end, we reflect on the effects COVID-19 had and look into its impact on the profession. There is no doubt that Covid-19 has changed Secure Transportation; the question remains: for 2021, how long the changes will last, and will those changes be permanent. It is impossible to accurately predict the overall impact that the COVID crisis will have on the Protection industry, but as we move into 2021, these are some thoughts and metrics. Thoughts and Metrics As in any crisis, those who can adapt to the changes will survive, and those who can't - won't. The...

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Episode 161 - Assassination of Mohsen Fakhrizadeh show art Episode 161 - Assassination of Mohsen Fakhrizadeh

Executive Protection and Secure Transportation Podcast

The topic for this week’s episode is an outline of the assassination of Iranian Senior Nuclear Scientist Mohsen Fakhrizadeh. Mohsen Fakhrizadeh, dubbed the father of the Iranian nuclear program, held the rank of brigadier general in Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC). According to intelligence reports, he was responsible for Iran's development of nuclear warheads on ballistic missiles. On Friday, November 27th, 2020, at 2:15 PM, Fakhrizadeh was ambushed while traveling in an armored Nissan Teana on a rural road in Absard. In the past, we've conducted many forensic analyses on...

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This week, the topic is measuring a driver’s skill level.

Starting in the mid-'70s, the Scotti School and now VDI clients wanted, actually demanded, that we supply them with an objective measurement of their employee's driving skill, to produce a professional security driver who has been scientifically measured to an objective and documented standard. 

To meet that demand, we studied the research conducted by the Society of Automotive EngineersISO  - International Organization for Standards, and NHTSA. Back in the 1970s, conducting research was not as easy as it is now. There was no Internet and Google. 

Their research created an understanding of how drivers make decisions in emergencies and how long it takes them to make those decisions. We found that these organizations created minimum standards, based on the laws of physics, for measuring driving skill and, therefore, survivability in an emergency scenario. Also, we decided that to perform the duties of a professional security driver; the minimum standards were not sufficient.

From studying their research, we found white papers and studies that indicated that the average driver, when confronted with an emergency, can only use 40% of the vehicle's capability before they relinquish control of the vehicle (give up). 

Starting in 1976, the Scotti School spent a considerable amount of time, effort, and money to develop training programs (Executive Protection and Security Driving) that implemented the standards created by these institutions. Please keep in mind that this was before computers. 

Our on-track testing showed that at the 40% mark, the vehicle becomes non-linear, which in turn creates driver anxiety (fear). We also found that once the driver was at the 40% usage of the vehicle, much more vehicle capacity was available for the driver to use. After a considerable amount of testing and evaluating, we decided that a good driver should be able to use a minimum of 80% of the vehicle's capability, in the three modes of vehicle operation, in a measured minimum amount of time and space, to be considered for employment as the CEO's driver—hence the 80% standard. 

The 80% standard has withstood the test of time. Forty-five years ago, the goal was to create a standard and training system accepted by the K&R and Corporate community, and that was accomplished. Anyone who attended an old Scotti School or a Vehicle Dynamics Institute program knows that reaching the 80% standard is demanding. 

How much of the vehicle do you use when driving the principal? 

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