Who - and what - is an Chayah Eishet Chayil? CHAYAH EISHET CHAYIL Eishet comes from ishah (spelled alef-shin-hey), which comes from ish (spelled alef-yod-shin), which means man. “And the man declared, ‘This one shall be called woman, for from man was she taken.'” (Gen. 2:23) It was not by man’s hand, or yad, that she came, but the hand of the Almighty took her out of the man. The word translated rib is from the Hebrew word tselem, which can mean rib, but is more often used to indicate a whole side, a shadow, or an image. Man was made in the image of Elohim, and the Ishah is the image or side of man. She was intended to stand at his side and by his side. Chayah is Hebrew meaning Live or to Live; revive or be revived. Chayil is related to the words, chai, life, and chaim, lives, and the name Chavah, Hebrew for Eve, (the first woman) the mother of all living, all associated with life, life force. Chayil means force, army, host, strong, valorous, courageous, or even virtuous.