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Podcast 756: Violence Towards ED Staff

Emergency Medical Minute

Release Date: 02/15/2022

Podcast 792: Rectal Prolapse show art Podcast 792: Rectal Prolapse

Emergency Medical Minute

Contributor: Jarod Scott, MD Educational Pearls: Rectal prolapse is an evagination of the rectal tissue through the anal opening Factors that weaken the pelvic floor muscles increase the risk of rectal prolapse These include age > 40, female, multiple pregnancies, constipation, diarrhea, cystic fibrosis, prior pelvic floor surgeries, or other pelvic floor abnormalities Noninvasive treatment options include increasing fluid and fiber intake to soften stools as well as using padding/taping to reinforce the perineum Surgery is an option to repair the prolapse so long as the patient is a...

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Podcast 791: Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar State show art Podcast 791: Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar State

Emergency Medical Minute

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar State (HHS) is less common than Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) but is associated with a mortality rate up to 10 times greater than that seen in DKA Typically seen in elderly patients with severely elevated blood glucose levels (>1000 mg/dL) and an increased plasma osmolality Unlike in DKA, patients with HHS do not have elevated ketones Treatment of HHS includes insulin administration along with correcting fluid and electrolyte abnormalities When treating HHS, it is important to monitor and follow osmolality...

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On the Streets #14: Trauma Activations in the Field show art On the Streets #14: Trauma Activations in the Field

Emergency Medical Minute

The Emergency Medical Minute is excited to announce that we our upcoming event, Palliative. Check out our event page for more information and to buy tickets: Palliative Eventbrite Page

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Podcast 790: Opioids vs OTC Pain Meds show art Podcast 790: Opioids vs OTC Pain Meds

Emergency Medical Minute

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: NSAIDs are a potential alternative to opioids for pain management and are associated with decreased rates of adverse effects A recent study evaluated the effectiveness of ibuprofen and oxycodone for pain management in pediatric patients with isolated, acute-limb fractures Participants were discharged home with either ibuprofen or oxycodone and followed for six weeks  There was no difference in pain scores between those taking ibuprofen and those taking oxycodone indicating that they had comparable analgesic effects Those in the ibuprofen...

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Podcast 789: DOAC show art Podcast 789: DOAC

Emergency Medical Minute

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD  Educational Pearls: Direct Oral Anticoagulants (DOACs) have surpassed Warfarin and Lovenox® for anticoagulation as they do not require injection and allow for easier discharge. In the ED, they are commonly prescribed after PE or DVT diagnosis.  Common DOACs are Apixaban (Eliquis®) and Rivaroxaban (Xarelto®). There has not been a direct head to head study comparing outcomes.  2 large observational studies evaluated the recurrence of clots and bleeding risk in patients with newly prescribed Eliquis® or Xarelto® for DVT or PE. Both studies found...

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Mental Health Monthly #13: Substance-Induced Psychosis (Part I) show art Mental Health Monthly #13: Substance-Induced Psychosis (Part I)

Emergency Medical Minute

Substance-Induced Psychosis (Part I)   In this first episode of a two-part mini-series, we feature Dr. Nadia Haddad, a Colorado psychiatrist, and Dr. Ricky Dhaliwal, an emergency medicine physician, as they discuss the different substances that cause psychosis and their unique presentations in the ED and in the psychiatric world. First, Dr. Haddad establishes a medical definition of psychosis. Then, Dr. Haddad and Dr. Dhaliwal partake in a fruitful discussion, each providing their unique perspective on the drugs that affect our patient populations today.   Key Points:   ...

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Podcast 788: Tracheostomy Bleeding show art Podcast 788: Tracheostomy Bleeding

Emergency Medical Minute

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Tracheostomy bleeding is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication that usually occurs within the first month of tracheostomy tube placement No matter how severe the bleeding, every patient should be evaluated to rule out a tracheo-innominate fistula between the tracheostomy and the innominate artery If the patient is currently bleeding and has a cuffed tracheostomy tube, over-inflate the balloon to compress the bleeding vessel Consider replacing an uncuffed tracheostomy tube with a cuffed tube or an ET tube If the tracheostomy was...

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Podcast 787: TAVR and Stroke show art Podcast 787: TAVR and Stroke

Emergency Medical Minute

Contributor: Nick Hatch, MD Educational Pearls: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is an increasingly common endovascular procedure to treat aortic stenosis TAVR is an alternative to the open approach surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) for patients who are inoperable or are high risk surgical candidates Following TAVR, there is increased risk of stroke, particularly in the first 30 days TAVR-related strokes are due to embolic debris left on the valve root, which is generally cleaned out during SAVR Further, following the procedure many patients are anticoagulated which...

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Podcast 786: Smiling Death show art Podcast 786: Smiling Death

Emergency Medical Minute

Contributor: Nick Hatch, MD Educational Pearls: “Smiling Death” describes the prehospital phenomenon of a person who is happy to be extricated from an extended period of crush injury, but dies suddenly soon after the rescue.   Smiling Death is caused by Crush Syndrome. Crush Syndrome begins when large areas of tissue are damaged by compression and subsequent impeded blood flow. Resultant cell death is followed by release of myoglobin and efflux of electrolytes including potassium. Upon removal of the crushing force, high levels of potassium enter circulation and cause cardiac...

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Podcast 785: Pepper Spray show art Podcast 785: Pepper Spray

Emergency Medical Minute

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: Pepper spray is a chemical irritant derived from oleoresin capsicum (OC), an extract from pepper plants. It can be used by police for riot or crowd control, or by individuals for self defense.   In the event of an exposure, those affected should immediately disperse from the area, remove contact lenses with clean or gloved hands, and remove contaminated clothing.  Pepper spray can spread from patients to providers by contact. When caring for those exposed, providers should use PPE including gloves and should double bag personal...

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More Episodes

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD

Educational Pearls:

  • ACEP survey was done in 2018 looking at violence towards staff in the ED with only 10% of those solicited responding
  • Survey found 47% of respondents were assaulted and 71% had witnessed violence towards staff
  • Regarding what was done about the violence, 28% said patients were flagged by the hospital, 21% said patient was arrested by police/hospital security, 6% of the cases resulted in the hospital pressing charges, and in 3% of cases the staff were advised to press charges
  • Analyzing the type of violence that occurred, it was found that in 44% of the incidents staff were hit/slapped, 30% were spit on, 28% were punched, 27% were kicked, 17% were scratched, 6% were bitten, 2% were assaulted with a weapon, and 1% were sexually assaulted
  • ED violence is a very serious matter and you can learn more about the survey and initiatives at the links below

References

https://www.acep.org/administration/violence-in-the-emergency-department-resources-for-a-safer-workplace/

https://www.emergencyphysicians.org/press-releases/2018/10-2-2018-violence-in-emergency-departments-is--increasing-harming-patients-new-research-finds

https://stopedviolence.org/

Summarized by John Spartz, MS4 | Edited by Erik Verzemnieks, MD

 

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