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Episode 145 - Security Driver Training and Braking

Executive Protection and Secure Transportation Podcast

Release Date: 08/25/2020

Episode 169 - The 2020 ISDA Training Survey Results show art Episode 169 - The 2020 ISDA Training Survey Results

Executive Protection and Secure Transportation Podcast

Last year ISDA conducted an Executive Protection Security Driver Training Survey. The 2020 ISDA Training Survey Results Our goals were to determine the dollar value of the Executive Protection and Security Driving training market. To acquire metrics concerning what motivates potential students to attend one program over another- such as - How did they fund their training? - How many training programs have they attended during their career? - What was their motivation to participate in the training programs? We also wanted to determine what training subjects were covered and the average length...

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Episode 168 - The Science of Backing Up show art Episode 168 - The Science of Backing Up

Executive Protection and Secure Transportation Podcast

Driving in reverse is a valuable driving skill to have.   Backing up slowly can be a problem but backing up fast is hard and dangerous if not done correctly. With that said, it is by far one of the most valuable driving skills to have, and a Security Driver can acquire. Along with being hard to do, it is hard to teach and, if not taught correctly – dangerous. What makes it hard and hazardous is the definition of fast. How fast you can drive in reverse is limited to the vehicle's gearing; in most vehicles, you can drive as fast in reverse, or a little quicker, as you can in 1st gear....

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Episode 167 - The Security Drivers Triangle show art Episode 167 - The Security Drivers Triangle

Executive Protection and Secure Transportation Podcast

The Essence of Security Driving is Found in the Security Drivers Triangle. The driver's ability to avoid vehicle violence does not depend solely on their ability to control the vehicle. A driver is at the mercy of the environment and of the vehicle, they are driving. Driving, any form of driving, is a balance, and that balance is called the "driving system." The driving system is made up of three components: THE DRIVER, THE MACHINE, and THE ENVIRONMENT. In our world, it is called the Security Drivers Triangle. If a triangle's failure causes an accident or a successful ambush, the driver, the...

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Episode 166 - The Difference Between Handling and Cornering show art Episode 166 - The Difference Between Handling and Cornering

Executive Protection and Secure Transportation Podcast

There are two words that are often used in the automotive industry and protective driver training vernacular the words are handling and cornering. To get a better understanding of how the driver interacts with the vehicle requires understanding the difference between Handling and Cornering. While conducting a driver training program understanding this interaction is a must – when running a secure transportation operation, knowledge of this interaction adds to the principal’s safety and security.

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Episode 165 - Safety, Security, and the Science of G's show art Episode 165 - Safety, Security, and the Science of G's

Executive Protection and Secure Transportation Podcast

Ensuring the passengers’ safety and security requires the driver to have the knowledge, skill, and experience to control the vehicle when confronted with an emergency. The emergency does not necessarily need to be a security scenario; it can often be an accident-producing situation.  As we have mentioned many times in the past, research and science define driving skill as the driver’s “ability” to use the vehicle’s “capability.” Former  or Scotti School students know that we were and are anal about training our students to maximize the vehicle’s capability. The...

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Episode 164 - Vehicle Dynamics and Passing show art Episode 164 - Vehicle Dynamics and Passing

Executive Protection and Secure Transportation Podcast

The topic for this week’s episode is Vehicle Dynamics and Passing. Passing the vehicle in front of you is one driving skill we often do but don’t give it much thought. Once you decide to pass a vehicle in an urban environment, realize, and remember that you and your car will be spending a good deal of time in the wrong lane. To give you an idea of how much time and distance, consider this scenario. If you are traveling at 50 mph or 80KPH and passing the average sedan or SUV going 40 mph or 64 KPH, you will need about 10 seconds and 736 feet or 225 Meters to complete the pass...

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Episode 163 - A Dramatic Increase in Carjackings show art Episode 163 - A Dramatic Increase in Carjackings

Executive Protection and Secure Transportation Podcast

Hello, and welcome to episode 163 of the EPST podcast. I'm your host, Larry Snow. The topic for this week’s episode is the huge increase in carjackings. Statistically, driving the principal from point A to point B has been the highest risk the principal faces during their daily routine. A not so new risk needs to be added to that trip, and that is the dramatic increase, in fact, a staggering increase in carjackings in parts of the United States during the pandemic. If you are not familiar with the term, a carjacking is a violent, potentially fatal version of auto theft. Do a Google search...

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Episode 162 - Reflecting on the Effects of COVID-19 on the Profession show art Episode 162 - Reflecting on the Effects of COVID-19 on the Profession

Executive Protection and Secure Transportation Podcast

As 2020 comes to a welcome end, we reflect on the effects COVID-19 had and look into its impact on the profession. There is no doubt that Covid-19 has changed Secure Transportation; the question remains: for 2021, how long the changes will last, and will those changes be permanent. It is impossible to accurately predict the overall impact that the COVID crisis will have on the Protection industry, but as we move into 2021, these are some thoughts and metrics. Thoughts and Metrics As in any crisis, those who can adapt to the changes will survive, and those who can't - won't. The...

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Episode 161 - Assassination of Mohsen Fakhrizadeh show art Episode 161 - Assassination of Mohsen Fakhrizadeh

Executive Protection and Secure Transportation Podcast

The topic for this week’s episode is an outline of the assassination of Iranian Senior Nuclear Scientist Mohsen Fakhrizadeh. Mohsen Fakhrizadeh, dubbed the father of the Iranian nuclear program, held the rank of brigadier general in Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC). According to intelligence reports, he was responsible for Iran's development of nuclear warheads on ballistic missiles. On Friday, November 27th, 2020, at 2:15 PM, Fakhrizadeh was ambushed while traveling in an armored Nissan Teana on a rural road in Absard. In the past, we've conducted many forensic analyses on...

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Episode 160 - Understeer vs. Oversteer show art Episode 160 - Understeer vs. Oversteer

Executive Protection and Secure Transportation Podcast

Understeer and Oversteer are terms used to explain vehicle characteristics, and they are important signals transmitted to you by the vehicle, it is how the vehicle communicates to you. It is the vehicle’s way of telling you what you should do next. In a nutshell, understeer and oversteer are the interrelationships of the front and rear ends of the car. If you drove around a corner or made an emergency maneuver that created 3200 lbs pushing on the CG of your vehicle – in the perfect world your tires would be pushing back 1600 lbs. front and rear. This would be called neutral steering, and...

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We strongly suggest that anyone who attends a Security Driving training program is measured in accordance with Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) 135.  

What is Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard?

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration issues Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) to implement laws from Congress. The FMVSS are regulations written in terms of minimum safety performance requirements for motor vehicles or items of motor vehicle equipment. These requirements are specified in such a manner that the public is protected against unreasonable risk of crashes occurring as a result of the design, construction, or performance of motor vehicles and is also protected against unreasonable risk of death or injury in the event crashes do occur.

The purpose of the FMVSS 135 standard is to ensure safe braking performance under normal and emergency driving conditions.

As a security driver, you must be able to perform at a much higher level than “minimum” (it is what you get paid to do). 

Although most drivers realize that the higher the car’s speed, the more distance required to stop, what is surprising to many drivers is how much additional distance it takes to stop a vehicle with just a small increase in speed. The fact is that if you double your speed, you increase your stopping distance by a factor of four.

If you increase your speed from 40 to 44 mph, speed has increased by 10%, but stopping distance has increased by 20%.

If you increase your speed from 40 to 50 mph, speed has increased by 25%, but stopping distance has increased by 50%.

The numbers listed above are not affected by the method of braking used. It makes no difference if a driver brakes with their left foot – threshold brakes – or uses a parachute to stop. If the speed is doubled, the stopping distance increases by a factor of four. The bottom line you cannot arbitrarily increase your speed, it’s literally deadly.

As a side note – Do Not Threshold Brake with an Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) vehicle. With a vehicle equipped with ABS, press as hard as your foot can press and let the computer do its job. 

Here is an example –

While conducting a braking test to confirm our forensic analysis of Omar García Harfuch's Ambush, the VDI testing team came across an interesting piece of data.

With a highly-skilled driver behind the wheel of the B6 Suburban - Highly skilled defined as years of experience working in high-risk environments and conducting protective driver training programs for the military and government – he drove through a breaking exercise designed to replicate the Omar Garcia Harfuch ambush.

He first stopped the B6 Suburban using threshold breaking – we are repetitive but keeping mind the driver had years of experience breaking in this manner.

Then he drove the same vehicle in the same scenario applying the ABS brakes without using threshold breaking.

The data

Using threshold breaking, it took the driver 160 feet or 48.3 meters to stop the vehicle.

Without using a threshold braking just to applying the brakes as hard as possible, it required 94 feet or 28.4 meters to stop the vehicle; the difference in stopping distance is considerable.

It took this experienced threshold ABS braking driver 70% longer to stop the vehicle using threshold breaking than it did without.         

If the driver of Omar Garcia Harfuch's vehicle tried to use threshold braking, the ambush outcome would have been significantly different.

Also, a significant component of braking to avoid an emergency is about where you look while the emergency is unfolding. Car manufacturers have been studying this phenomenon for a while. Simply stated – your hands go where your eyes look. As soon as the emergency presents itself, look for a place to put the vehicle. Look where you want the vehicle to go, and your hands will follow your eyes. Many times, the driver’s eyes fixate on the object they are trying to avoid, and the result is they drive into it.

Summary

When looking at an executive protection training program, consider that the chances of a student using the skills taught at a weapons program, it pales in comparison to the possibilities of using the skills taught in a protective driver training program. 

Be careful about increasing speeds – for every 10% increase in speed, it is a 20% increase in stopping distance.

As a student, ask your instructor – “What was my Rate of Deceleration,” and how does it compare to the Vehicles Rate of Deceleration and FMVSS 135.

When confronted with an emergency, press the brake pedal as hard as possible.

The sooner and harder the brake pedal is pressed, the more steering the driver will have available for driving out of the emergency.

Look where you want to put the vehicle.